Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is the federal department that manages Canadian citizenship, both for those applying for citizenship and for current Canadian citizens.
You need to :
- be a permanent resident (landed immigrant) of Canada
- have been physically in Canada for at least 1095 days in the 5 years immediately before you apply
- have filed personal income taxes for at least 3 years within the 5 year period, if required under the Income Tax Act
- demonstrate you have knowledge of Canada (if you are between 18 and 54 years old when you apply)
- demonstrate adequate knowledge of English or French (if you are between 18 and 54 years old when you apply)
- not be under a removal order
- not be inadmissible or prohibited on criminal or security grounds
If you are 18 to 54 years old:
Photocopies of your proof of English or French language ability if you are 18-54 years of age. Examples of what you can provide include the following:
- results of a third-party language test;
- diploma, certificate or transcripts from a secondary or post-secondary education program in Canada or abroad, where the language of study was English or French
- proof that you have reached the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level 4 or higher through a government-funded language training programs.
You will need to satisfy several requirements to submit a Canadian citizenship application, and may then need to take a Canadian citizenship test.
If you pass and meet the other requirements for citizenship, you will get
- your ceremony date at the same time when you will get your citizenship test results or
- email or a letter with the date and time of your ceremony
The ceremony will usually take place within three months after your test. At the ceremony, you will:
- take the Oath of Citizenship
- get your citizenship certificate